CNS Occasional Papers

Park Geun-Hye meeting with Barack Obama. (source: Wikimedia Commons)

#24 Strengthening the ROK-US Nuclear Partnership

This report identifies challenges and opportunities for the next phase of the ROK-US nuclear partnership.

Replacing High-Risk Radioactive Sources

#23 Occasional Paper: Replacing High-Risk Radiological Materials

CNS researchers offer governments a roadmap to replace high-risk radioactive sources with non-isotopic alternatives

Middle East map

#22 A Blueprint to a Middle East WMD Free Zone

A new CNS report offers legal, technical, and organizational proposals to negotiations and implementation of a WMD-free Middle East.

Biotechnology E-commerce

#21 Biotechnology E-commerce: A Disruptive Challenge to Biological Arms Control

Researchers find biotechnology e-commerce has significantly disrupted the effectiveness of export controls.

Countering Nuclear Commodity Smuggling

#20 Combatting Illegal Nuclear Trade

Event: New study recommends action to prevent nuclear smuggling to Iran, North Korea, and other countries seeking nuclear weapons.

Cesium 137

#19 Alternatives to High-Risk Radiological Sources

Sustainably preventing terrorism means finding substitutes for high-risk radiological sources, such as cesium chloride in blood irradiators.

[Evergreen] Biological Symbol

#18 Stories of the Soviet Anti-Plague System

CNS researchers reveal the anti-plague system in Russia and how it was reported by western media.

Concrete vault for radioactive waste (Netherlands)

#16 Rethinking Spent Fuel Management in South Korea

12 practicable recommendations for South Korea, the 5th-largest nuclear energy producer and a major nuclear power plant exporter.

Occasional Paper

#15 Engaging China and Russia on Nuclear Disarmament

Analysis and recommendations on how to place Beijing and Moscow on “the road to zero.”

The 1971 Smallpox Epidemic in Aralsk, Kazakhstan, and the Soviet Biological Warfare Program – Commentaries

Jonathan B. Tucker Raymond A. Zilinskas October 4, 2002 The Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS) of the Monterey Institute of International Studies today released the first authoritative English translation of an official Soviet report describing a previously unknown outbreak of smallpox in 1971 in the city of Aralsk, Kazakhstan, then located on the northern shore […]